YouTube Video Quality for Three Common Pediatric Hip Conditions: Developmental Hip Dysplasia, Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis, and Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

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J Pediatr Orthop B. 2022 Mar 31:BPB.0000000000000972. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000972. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

YouTube is an increasingly accessible platform for families to obtain health information; however, it is unregulated. The purpose of this article was to assess the quality, reliability, and accuracy of YouTube videos related to three common pediatric hip conditions: developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE ) and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. YouTube was searched using a variety of keyword combinations. Videos were analyzed using the Journal of the American Medical Association, Global Quality Score, and condition-specific scores created specifically for this study. The length of the video and the number of views were also recorded. A total of 120 videos were analyzed, 40 each for DDH, SCFE and Perthes. Physician and academic/hospital YouTube videos are significantly higher in quality, reliability, and accuracy than patient, non-physician, and commercial outlet videos. The higher quality of doctor videos is coupled with a much longer video. The differences between the three pediatric orthopedic conditions were not statistically significant. Better quality videos can be used as a complementary tool to reinforce the clinical consultation. Parents and caregivers should be guided to videos from academic institutions or hospitals to improve health literacy.

PMID:35357371 | DOI:10.1097/BPB.0000000000000972

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